Trees and shrubs, often with milky sap and fruits or capsules for seeds. More so than many plant families, it shows a large amount of variation in plant morphology.
Clusiaceae - Clusia rosea
From: Encyclopaedia londinensis, or universal dictionary of arts, sciences and literature. Compiled by John Wilkes and edited by John Jones.
London, J. Wilkes, 1800. Hand-coloured engraving by J. Pass (sheet 230 x 290 mm; marginal tears and staining). Text missing.
From: Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen. Botanie by Pieter Willem Korthals.
Leiden, S. en J. Luchtmans & C.G. van der Hoek, 1841, plate 36. Hand-coloured lithograph by A.S. Mulder after J. Gaijkema and P.W. Korthals (uncut sheet 310 x 449 mm). Text missing.
€ 140Three volumes were published of the scientific results of the explorations of the Natural History Commission for the Dutch East Indies, under the general editorship of Coenraad Jacob Temminck. Korthals was the official botanist and author of the botanical part with 70 plates, published from 1839-1842 [-1844]. Landwehr indicates that only 250 copies were printed.
* Nissen BBI 1092; Great flower books p. 63; Stafleu & Cowan 3880; Landwehr 197 (and pp. 39-41, 49).
| Clusiaceae - Garcinia dulcis - Xanthochymus dulcis|
From: Fleurs, fruits et feuillages choisis de la flore et pomone de l'ile de Java by Berthe Hoola van Nooten.
Bruxelles, 1863, 1866 or 1880. Chromolithographed plate by the author, lithographed by G. Severeyns (sheet 400 × 553 mm). Text enclosed.
€ 350"The forty large plates in … were printed in Belgium from Van Nooten's original sketches by P. Depannemaeker, using the new technique of chromolithography. … Van Nooten was clearly a more than competent artist, for the splendid tropical plants, with their lush foliage, vividly coloured flowers and exotic fruit, have been depicted with great skill. She managed to accentuate the splendour of each species by adopting a style that combined great precision and clarity with a touch of neo-Baroque exuberance, revelling in the rich forms and colours of the tropics. The reader's eye is immediately captured by the dark leaves, shown furled or crumpled or partly nibbled away by insects, the delicately rendered details of the follicles and seeds, and the heavy clusters of flowers that cascade down the page. The excellent reproduction of the artist's drawings in the form of chromolithographs lends an added tactility to these striking images." (An Oak Spring flora). Text in English and French. The spectacular colour-plates are often finished by hand. They depict flowering trees, shrubs, decorative flowers and plants with edible fruits.
* Nissen BBI 931; Great flower books p. 60; Stafleu & Cowan 3025; Landwehr 79; An Oak Spring flora 87 (3. edition of 1880).
| Clusiaceae - Garcinia × mangostana|
From: Icones plantarum medicinalium by Joseph Jacob von Plenck.
Wien, 1788-1803, plate 360. Hand-coloured engraving (sheet 340 × 485 mm). Tiny library stamp in lower corner. Text enclosed in photocopy.
€ 160"One of the, great Viennese books, this Icones is devoted to the medicinal properties of native European plants, many of them figured and described here for the first time. It is dedicated to Joseph II and very much in the 'Jacquin' style; in fact, a few of the plates are re-impressions of Jacquin plates. The work is a famous rarity; …" (De Belder 281). "Many of the 758 large hand-coloured engravings which illustrate it are delightful, and very decorative in treatment" (Blunt).
* Dunthorne 225; Blunt & Stearn p. 158; Great flower books p. 70; Nissen BBI 1536; Stafleu & Cowan 8057.
From: Darstellung und Beschreibung sämtlicher in der Pharmacopoea Borusica aufgeführten offizinellen Gewächse by Otto Carl Berg & Carl Friedrich Schmidt.
Leipzig, Arthur Felix, [1858-1863], 1. edition, volume 4, plate 33d. Hand-coloured lithograph (sheet 215 x 278 mm). Text enclosed.
€ 125Berg was professor of pharmaceutical botany at Berlin University. Schmidt both drew and lithographed the plates. He was a prolific artist who illustrated many of the German botanical works of the 19th century. Jackson describes this work, a survey of plants used in the Prussian pharmacopoeia, as A thoroughly good book, probably the very best of its class; both in text and illustrations.
* Pritzel 646; Jackson p. 203*; Nissen BBI 139; Stafleu & Cowan 10.873.
From: Köhler’s Medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen Abbildungen mit kurz erläuterndem Texte. Atlas zur Pharmacopoea germanica, austriaca, belgica, danica, helvetica, hungarica, rossica, suecica, neerlandica, british pharmacopoeia, zum Codex medicamentarius, sowie zur Pharmacopoeia of the United States of America by Hermann Adolph Koehler.
Gera-Utermhaus, Fr.Eugen Köhler, 1887, 1. edition, volume 2, plate 179. Chromolithographed plate (sheet 219 x 299 mm). Slight foxing. Text enclosed.
€ 55Köhler’s magnum opus was published in parts from 1883-1898. The first volume was finished in 1887, eight years after his death. The set of three volumes with 283 colour-plates was a noteworthy achievement and included European plants of medicinal interest. From the botanical standpoint the finest and most useful series of illustrations of medicinal plants (Great flower books). The beautiful colour-plates after illustrations by Walther Müller and C.F. Schmidt, which were skillfully rendered in lithography by E. Günther.
* Nissen BBI 1085; Great flower books p. 62; Stafleu & Cowan 3806.